Wisdom teeth are teeth with minimal or almost no chewing function. In the past, they used to be important for the proper chewing of raw food. However, the human jaw is smaller than it used to be, therefore wisdom teeth do not have enough space and become too abundant. As they are not in their proper position, the cleaning process becomes difficult which often results in inflammation of the surrounding areas of these teeth. Therefore, it is currently recommended to have them taken out, even though they may have cut their way through into the mouth. Due to their frequently unfavorable position, these teeth should be extracted by a specialist in oral surgery.
Pre-prosthetic surgery represents a very important part of dental surgery. It involves the preparation and modification of the jaw bones so that they can accept prosthetic substitutes such as the crowns, implants or removable substitutes. The most common operations are the adaption of mucous membranes pulling heavily towards the area of the gums near the teeth, adjustment of bone growths and other defects after the extraction of teeth and especially implants.
Orthodontic surgery forms a part of oral surgery and involves a set of procedures which serve as a preparatory step prior to orthodontic treatment – e. g. braces. It deals with the exposure or extraction of teeth that have not grown yet and the insertion of implants. The role of the implants is to provide a solid support in the bone and thus straighten teeth which are unfavorably positioned.
Aesthetic Adjustment of Gums
When some patients smile, the gums around their teeth are visible, the so-called ‘gummy smile’. Gums are often damaged after surgical operations, due to inflammation, infection or following extremely rigorous brushing of the teeth, which is very unpleasant for many patients. Such changes can be visible and in some cases difficult for the patient to adjust to. The principle of the treatment is based on covering the defect by mucosal or connective tissue graft, usually taken from the mouth, creating a much better appearance after the wound has healed.