Root canal treatment
The treatment of root canals is often necessary in cases of:
- treatment of deep tooth cavities
- diagnosis of inflammation at the root of a tooth during a preventive check-up
- severe pain resulting from a damaged tooth
- during preparation of the tooth for prosthetic treatment
Thanks to the modern technology we use, even such a complicated examination can be performed painlessly. Treatment consists of removing the infected, inflamed nerve from the tooth. Suitable treatment prevents bacteria from entering the surrounding tissues which could lead to inflammation or other similar complications of the organism.
After removing the decayed parts of the tooth, we must access its root section. Depending on the particular tooth, the number of the root canals ranges from one to four and, in some cases, even more. Considering the difference in dental anatomy of each tooth this treatment can be time consuming. In order to prevent contamination of the inner environment of the tooth by bacteria, we use the so-called rubber dam during treatment. It is a specific type of rubber insulation which is able to insulate the treated tooth from the adjacent environment. Subsequently, it is necessary to clean out every root canal and work down their walls. Here nickel-titanium preparation systems are used, equipped with speed rotation and torsion controls which reduce the time of treatment and lower the risk of cranking the instrument in the root canal. After the treatment and if necessary, a healing filling can be inserted into the tooth and treatment continues in approximately ten days.
After the necessary root canal work, it must be disinfected and prepared for the application of a hermetically-sealed root filling. This filling forms a tight plug, making it impossible for bacteria to penetrate into the root system of the tooth. The result is a reliable, hermetically sealed and durable cap for the root which can be moved easily at any time, e. g. when prosthetic examination or treatment is needed. For the doctor to be informed on the course and the results of a treatment, several x-ray pictures are made. After this type of treatment, the tooth can also be treated with a filling or crown without extracting the tooth and replacing it by extensive prosthetic work.