Dental implants represent a significant step forward compared to traditional dental methods. Implants mean the recovery of a tooth or teeth missing as the result of an accident, tooth decay or gum disease. The missing teeth are not just an aesthetic problem, but essential functions are limited, in particular biting and chewing. This can also have an effect on the proper pronunciation of words and last but not least, they change our facial expressions and overall appearance. The substitute for the missing teeth is an implant which is more stable and more acceptable in comparison to other dental substitute products and which look and even feel like real teeth.
The concept of dental implants was first proposed 35 years ago by Swedish Professor Per-Ingvar Branemark in the form of titanium rollers, mostly screw-shaped, mounted into the back or upper jaw onto which a dental substitute is fixed.
The whole process is carried out painlessly, under local anesthetic, during several sessions. Instead of the missing tooth, a titanium screw is surgically inserted into the jaw-bone. When the implant is healed into the bone (6 to 8 weeks), prosthetics phase (new crown preparation) follows.
Because the whole procedure is performed under local anesthetic, the patient does not feel pain or sharp stimuli. Only moderate pressure and contact can be felt. When the anesthetic starts to wear off, the patient may feel a little discomfort in the area of implantation, however, the sensitivity should cease within a couple of days. Swellings are moderate and last for approximately 2 to 3 days. The application of ice packs should ease the condition considerably.
Food consumption is limited to a certain extent; soft food should be eaten for a few days.
Implants must be handled with the same care as natural teeth. The fact that they are a substitute does not necessarily mean that the patient does not have to take care of them. It is therefore necessary to see the doctor and the dental hygiene specialist on a regular basis (approximately every 6 months).
The success rate for this treatment is somewhere between 98-99%, based on various reports that have been conducted on this subject during the last 35 years.
The Benefits of Dental Implants:
They improve looks - an implant is the only dental substitute which replaces not only the crown area, but the tooth root area as well.
They increase self-confidence - the patient does not have to worry that his / her prostheses might fall out of their mouth.
They improve overall comfort and speech - muttering, mumbling, unclear speech is limited in comparison to other types of removable prosthetic devices which are often unsuitable or result in gaps between the teeth.
Food ingestion - patients with removable substitutes eat food with only 15-20% efficiency in comparison to people with healthy teeth.
They do not damage adjacent teeth - the traditional method involved attachment of the dental bridge onto the adjacent teeth. These must often be drilled at the expense of healthy tissue.
They slow down the process of bone loss - a dental implant stimulates the bone with its load and thus slows down the process of bone mass reduction.